Common Reef Fishes of Terengganu, Malaysia

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Author: Du Jianguo
Language: English
ISBN/ISSN: 9787030592286
Published on: 2018-12
 Hardcover

Common Reef Fishes of Terengganu, Malaysia,Malaysia is one of the world's 12 megadiverse countries (Rohizam, 2009). Its coral reefs are valuable economic and biological resources, where they are a major attraction for the tourism industry and a natural wave breaker for coastal protection. Coral reefs are the home to a multitude of marine life, and there are 1354 marine fish species in Malaysia, in which 798 are reef-associated (Froese and Pauly, 2018). In recent years, coral reefs in Malaysia are under threat, due to uncontrolled development, pollution and overfishing. The Department of Marine Park Malaysia was established to protect and manage the abundant biodiversity in the waters surrounding the 42 islands that make up Malaysia's marine parks covering an area of 2486.13KM2,

A total of twelve sites in Perhentian Archipelago and ten sites in Redang Archipelago 
(Fig. 2)were investigated using Underwater Visual Census in 2016-2018, with more
than 100 dives. The underwater cameras that were used were Canon 5D4. Canon G15,
Canon GIX Mark Il, jointly with Sea& Sea YS-D2 flashlights.  The coverage was
limited to shallow reef fishes that are wholly or mainly confined to coral reefs of less
than about 30 m depth. In total, 185 reef-associated fish species were recorded from
ese two archipelagos, belonging to II orders and 40 families. Most of the fishes
(158 species)belong to the Perciformes. The Pomacentridae predominate (36 species).
followed by the Labridae(20 species). Gobidae (14 species), Scaridae (II species).
Apogonidae(1I species)and Serranidae(8 species)(Table 1).



Acknowledgements Ⅰ

Introduction Ⅱ

Carcharhinidae

Carcharhinus melanopterus (Quoy et Gaimard, 1824) 1

Dasyatidae

Neotrygon kuhlii (Müller et Henle, 1841) 2

Taeniura lymma (Forssk?l, 1775) 3

Urogymnus granulatus (Macleay, 1883) 4

Muraenidae

Gymnothorax favagineus Bloch et Schneider, 1801 5

Gymnothorax javanicus (Bleeker, 1859) 6

Gymnothorax thyrsoideus (Richardson, 1845) 7

Synodontidae

Synodus variegatus (Lacepède, 1803) 8

Holocentridae

Myripristis hexagona (Lacepède, 1802) 9

Sargocentron cornutum (Bleeker, 1854) 10

Sargocentron rubrum (Forssk?l, 1775) 11

Syngnathidae

Corythoichthys amplexus Dawson et Randall, 1975 12

Centriscidae

Centriscus scutatus Linnaeus, 1758 13

Scorpaenidae

Pterois russelii Bennett, 1831 14

Scorpaenopsis venosa (Cuvier, 1829) 15

Synanceiidae

Inimicus didactylus (Pallas, 1769) 16

Serranidae

Cromileptes altivelis (Valenciennes, 1828) 17

Cephalopholis boenak (Bloch, 1790) 18

Cephalopholis cyanostigma (Valenciennes, 1828) 19

Cephalopholis microprion (Bleeker, 1852) 20

Cephalopholis formosa (Shaw, 1812) 21

Diploprion bifasciatum Cuvier, 1828 22

Epinephelus fasciatus (Forssk?l, 1775) 23

Plectropomus leopardus (Lacepède, 1802) 24

Apogonidae

Archamia ataenia (Randall et Satapoomin, 1999) 25

Cheilodipterus artus Smith, 1961 26

Cheilodipterus macrodon (Lacepède, 1802) 27

Cheilodipterus quinquelineatus Cuvier, 1828 28

Ostorhinchus compressus (Smith et Radcliffe, 1911) 29

Ostorhinchus cyanosoma (Bleeker, 1853) 30

Ostorhinchus fleurieu Lacepède, 1802 31

Ostorhinchus wassinki (Bleeker, 1861) 32

Taeniamia fucata (Cantor, 1849) 33

Taeniamia macroptera (Cuvier, 1828) 34

Taeniamia zosterophora (Bleeker, 1856) 35

Echeneidae

Echeneis naucrates Linnaeus, 1758 36

Carangidae

Alepes melanoptera (Swainson, 1839) 37

Carangoides bajad (Forssk?l, 1775) 38

Carangoides coeruleopinnatus (Rüppell, 1830) 39

Lutjanidae

Lutjanus fulviflamma (Forssk?l, 1775) 40

Lutjanus lutjanus Bloch, 1790 41

Lutjanus quinquelineatus (Bloch, 1790) 42

Lutjanus russellii (Bleeker, 1849) 43

Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier, 1816) 44

Lutjanus vitta (Quoy et Gaimard, 1824) 45

Caesionidae

Caesio caerulaurea Lacepède, 1801 46

Caesio teres Seale, 1906 47

Pterocaesio chrysozona (Cuvier, 1830) 48

Pterocaesio marri Schultz, 1953 49

Haemulidae

Plectorhinchus chaetodonoides Lacepède, 1801 50

Nemipteridae

Scolopsis affinis Peters, 1877 51

Scolopsis bilineata (Bloch, 1793) 52

Scolopsis ciliata (Lacepède, 1802) 53

Scolopsis margaritifera (Cuvier, 1830) 54

Scolopsis monogramma (Cuvier, 1830) 55

Scolopsis vosmeri (Bloch, 1792) 56

Mullidae

Upeneus tragula Richardson, 1846 57

Pempheridae

Pempheris oualensis Cuvier, 1831 58

Monodactylidae

Monodactylus argenteus (Linnaeus, 1758) 59

Chaetodontidae

Chaetodon baronessa Cuvier, 1829 60

Chaetodon lineolatus Cuvier, 1831 61

Chaetodon lunulatus Quoy et Gaimard, 1825 62

Chaetodon octofasciatus Bloch, 1787 63

Chaetodon wiebeli Kaup, 1863 64

Chelmon rostratus (Linnaeus, 1758) 65

Coradion chrysozonus (Cuvier, 1831) 66

Heniochus acuminatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 67

Heniochus singularius Smith et Radcliffe, 1911 68

Heniochus varius (Cuvier, 1829) 69

Pomacanthidae

Chaetodontoplus mesoleucus (Bloch, 1787) 70

Pomacanthus annularis (Bloch, 1787) 71

Pomacanthus imperator (Bloch, 1787) 72

Pomacanthus sexstriatus (Cuvier, 1831) 73

Pomacentridae

Abudefduf bengalensis (Bloch, 1787) 74

Abudefduf sexfasciatus (Lacepède, 1801) 75

Abudefduf sordidus (Forssk?l, 1775) 76

Abudefduf vaigiensis (Quoy et Gaimard, 1825) 77

Amblyglyphidodon aureus (Cuvier, 1830) 78

Amblyglyphidodon curacao (Bloch, 1787) 79

Amblyglyphidodon indicus Allen et Randall, 2002 80

Amblyglyphidodon leucogaster (Bleeker, 1847) 81

Amphiprion clarkii (Bennett, 1830) 82

Amphiprion frenatus Brevoort, 1856 83

Amphiprion melanopus Bleeker, 1852 84

Amphiprion ocellaris Cuvier, 1830 85

Amphiprion perideraion Bleeker, 1855 86

Chromis atripectoralis Welander et Schultz, 1951 87

Chromis viridis (Cuvier, 1830) 88

Dascyllus flavicaudus Randall et Allen, 1977 89

Dascyllus reticulatus (Richardson, 1846) 90

Dascyllus trimaculatus (Rüppell, 1829) 91

Dischistodus melanotus (Bleeker, 1858) 92

Dischistodus perspicillatus (Cuvier, 1830) 93

Hemiglyphidodon plagiometopon (Bleeker, 1852) 94

Plectroglyphidodon lacrymatus (Quoy et Gaimard, 1825) 95

Pomacentrus alexanderae Evermann et Seale, 1907 96

Pomacentrus armillatus Allen, 1993 97

Pomacentrus coelestis Jordan et Starks, 1901 98

Pomacentrus melanochir Bleeker, 1877 99

Pomacentrus moluccensis Bleeker, 1853 100

Pomacentrus simsiang Bleeker, 1856 101

Pomacentrus taeniometopon Bleeker, 1852 102

Pomacentrus tripunctatus Cuvier, 1830 103

Pomacentrus xanthosternus Allen, 1991 104

Neoglyphidodon melas (Cuvier, 1830) 105

Neoglyphidodon nigroris (Cuvier, 1830) 106

Neopomacentrus anabatoides (Bleeker, 1847) 107

Neopomacentrus cyanomos (Bleeker, 1856) 108

Stegastes fasciolatus (Ogilby, 1889) 109

Labridae

Bodianus mesothorax (Bloch et Schneider, 1801) 110

Cheilinus chlorourus (Bloch, 1791) 111

Cheilinus fasciatus (Bloch, 1791) 112

Cheilinus trilobatus Lacepède, 1801 113

Diproctacanthus xanthurus (Bleeker, 1856) 114

Epibulus brevis Carlson, Randall et Dawson, 2008 115

Epibulus insidiator (Pallas, 1770) 116

Gomphosus varius Lacepède, 1801 117

Halichoeres erdmanni Randall et Allen, 2010 118

Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède, 1801) 119

Halichoeres leucurus (Walbaum, 1792) 120

Halichoeres nebulosus (Valenciennes, 1839) 121

Halichoeres richmondi Fowler et Bean, 1928 122

Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett, 1832) 123

Hemigymnus melapterus (Bloch, 1791) 124

Labroides dimidiatus (Valenciennes, 1839) 125

Oxycheilinus digramma (Lacepède, 1801) 126

Pteragogus cryptus Randall, 1981 127

Stethojulis trilineata (Bloch et Schneider, 1801) 128

Thalassoma lunare (Linnaeus, 1758) 129

Scaridae

Bolbometopon muricatum (Valenciennes, 1840) 130

Chlorurus capistratoides (Bleeker, 1847) 131

Scarus caudofasciatus (Günther, 1862) 132

Scarus ghobban Forssk?l, 1775 133

Scarus globiceps Valenciennes, 1840 134

Scarus niger Forssk?l, 1775 135

Scarus prasiognathos Valenciennes, 1840 136

Scarus psittacus Forssk?l, 1775 137

Scarus quoyi Valenciennes, 1840 138

Scarus rivulatus Valenciennes, 1840 139

Scarus rubroviolaceus Bleeker, 1847 140

Pinguipedidae

Parapercis xanthozona (Bleeker, 1849) 141

Tripterygiidae

Helcogramma striata Hansen, 1986 142

Blenniidae

Ecsenius bicolor (Day, 1888) 143

Ecsenius yaeyamaensis (Aoyagi, 1954) 144

Meiacanthus grammistes (Valenciennes, 1836) 145

Petroscirtes variabilis Cantor, 1849 146

Gobiidae

Amblyeleotris gymnocephala (Bleeker, 1853) 147

Amblyeleotris latifasciata Polunin et Lubbock, 1979 148

Amblyeleotris rubrimarginata Mohlmann et Randall, 2002 149

Cryptocentrus cinctus (Herre, 1936) 150

Ctenogobiops mitodes Randall, Shao et Chen, 2007 151

Eviota queenslandica Whitley, 1932 152

Eviota sebreei Jordan et Seale, 1906 153

Exyrias belissimus (Smith, 1959) 154

Fusigobius inframaculatus (Randall, 1994) 155

Istigobius decoratus (Herre, 1927) 156

Istigobius goldmanni (Bleeker, 1852) 157

Istigobius nigroocellatus (Günther, 1873) 158

Istigobius rigilius (Herre, 1953) 159

Valenciennea sexguttata (Valenciennes, 1837) 160

Ephippidae

Platax boersii Bleeker, 1853 161

Platax orbicularis (Forssk?l, 1775) 162

Platax teira (Forssk?l, 1775) 163

Siganidae

Siganus corallinus (Valenciennes, 1835) 164

Siganus guttatus (Bloch, 1787) 165

Siganus javus (Linnaeus, 1766) 166

Siganus puellus (Schlegel, 1852) 167

Siganus virgatus (Valenciennes, 1835) 168

Siganus vulpinus (Schlegel et Müller, 1845) 169

Zanclidae

Zanclus cornutus (Linnaeus, 1758) 170

Acanthuridae

Naso lituratus (Forster, 1801) 171

Sphyraenidae

Sphyraena barracuda (Edwards, 1771) 172

Sphyraena flavicauda Rüppell, 1838 173

Sphyraena jello Cuvier, 1829 174

Gobiesocidae

Diademichthys lineatus (Sauvage, 1883) 175

Balistidae

Balistoides viridescens (Bloch et Schneider, 1801) 176

Pseudobalistes flavimarginatus (Rüppell, 1829) 177

Monacanthidae

Aluterus scriptus (Osbeck, 1765) 178

Ostraciidae

Ostracion cubicus (Linnaeus, 1758) 179

Tetraodontidae

Arothron hispidus (Linnaeus, 1758) 180

Arothron mappa (Lesson, 1831) 181

Arothron nigropunctatus (Bloch et Schneider, 1801) 182

Arothron stellatus (Anonymous, 1798) 183

Diodontidae

Diodon hystrix (Linnaeus, 1758) 184

Diodon liturosus (Shaw, 1804) 185

Glossary 186

Main references 190

Index of scientific names 191

Index of common names 194



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