Fundamentals of Structural Geology

构造地质学——现代建模和力学原理(英文版)

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Author: David D.Pollard & Raymond C.Fletcher
Language: English
ISBN/ISSN: 9787030461469
Published on: 2015-11
Paperback

《南京大学地球科学研究生课程系列教材·构造地质学:现代建模和力学原理(英文版)》适用于高校地质学相关学科教师、高年级本科生和研究生,地矿部门研究机构相关研究人员,特别是构造地质学、地球物理学、岩石力学和岩土工程等领域研究人员。



Preface 
Acknowledgments 
Chapter 1 Motivations and opportunities 
1.1 Earthquake hazards in southern California 
1.2 Radar lineaments on Venus 
1.3 Faulting in a North Sea hydrocarbon reservoir 
1.4 Anticracks in southern France 
1.5 Mountain building on the Colorado Plateau 
1.6 Concluding remarks 
Chapter 2Struaural mapping techniques and tools 
2.1 Geograpluc coordinates and map projections 
2.2 Local coordinates and position vectors 
2.3 Orientations ofstructural elements 
2.4 Structural mapping using GPS technology 
2.5 Concluding remarks 
Chapter 3Characterizing structures using differential geometry 
3.1 The concept and description of lineations 
3.2 The concept and description of curved surfaces 
3.3 Applications of differential geometry to structural geology 
3.4 Concluding remarks 
Chapter 4 Physical quantities, fields, dimensions, and scaling 
4.1 Physical quantities and the continuum 
4.2 Physical dimensions and dimensional analysis 
4.3 Dimensionless groups and the scaling of structural processes 
4.4 Scaled laboratory models 
4.5 Concluding remarks 
Chapter 5 Deformation and flow 
5.1 Rock deformation: some observations and a simple description 
5.2 Evolving geometry of a structure: kinematic models, velocity models, and deformation 
5.3 Relation between deformation and velocity fields 
5.4 Velocity flelds: the instantaneous state of motion 
5.5 General results 
5.6 Concluding remarks 
Chapter 6 traction, and stress 
6.1 Concepts offorce and traction 
6,2 Concept and analysis ofstress 
6.3 State ofstress in the Earth 
6.4 Concluding remarks 
Chapter 7 Conservation of mass and momentum 
7.1 Particle dynamics 
7.2 Rigid—body dynamics and statics 
7.3 Conservation ofmass and momentum in a deformable continuum 
7.4 Field equations for the elastic solid and viscous fluid 
7.5 Concluding remarks 
Chapter 8 Elastic deformation 
8.1 Estimating rock properties from geological field tests 
8.2 The idealized elastic material 
8.3 Quasi—stat:ic displacement boundary value problems 
8.4 Quasi—static traction boundary value problems 
8.5 Elastic propeffles from laboratory and engineering field tests 
8.6 Elastic heterogeneity and anisotropy 
8.7 Concluding remarks 
Chapter 9 Brittle behavior 
9.1 Brittle deformation in the laboratory and in the field 
9.2 Strength oflaboratory samples 
9.3 Briffle failure in a field ofhomogeneous stress 
9.4 Brittle failure in a field ofheterogeneous stress 
9.5 Fracture propagation and fault growth 
9.6 Concluding remarks 
Chapter 10 Viscous flow 
10.1 Rock deformation by viscous flow 
10.2 Constitutive relations for isotropic viscous fluids 
10.3 Plane and antiplane flow 
10.4 Viscous flow in layers: mullions and folds 
10.5 Flow of anisotropic viscous fluids 
10.6 Concluding remarks 
Chapter 11 Rheological behavior 
11.1 Departures from linear viscous flow 
11.2 Boudinage and the non—linear power—law fluid 
11.3 Coupling ofviscous flow and macroscopic diffusional transport 
11.4 Continuum properties of composite materials 
11.5 Anisotropic fluids and internalinstability 
11.6 Concluding remarks 
Chapter 12 Modeldevelopmentandmethodology 
12.1 Idealization of field observations 
12.2 Selection of general boundary conditions 
12.3 A methodology for the practice of structural geology 
12.4 Concluding remarks 
References 
Index


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