Modeling Dryland Ecosystems' Response to Global Change in Central Asia

中亚干旱生态系统对全球变化响应的模型模拟

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Author: Chen Xi/Zhang Chi
Language: English
ISBN/ISSN: 9787502960506
Published on: 2014-11
Hardcover

Modeling Dryland Ecosystems' Response to Global Change in Central Asia 陈曦、张驰、罗格平所著的《中亚干旱生态系统对全球变化响应的模型模拟(英文版)(精)》是对亚洲中部干旱区气候变化和生态系统碳循环等研究领域进行论述的重要尝试。全书共分8章,分别阐述了亚洲中部干旱区气候、土地利用和生态系统的时空变化特征和内在机制。本书内容丰富,资料翔实,体系严谨,包含了很多新观点和新内容,可供从事亚洲中部干旱区的科研工作者和高等院校相关专业师生借鉴。



Preface One
Preface Two
Preface Three
Series Foreword
Part I  BACKGROUND AND MODEL DESCRIPTION
Chapter 1  Background
1.1  Geographical Location and Geomorphic Conditions of Central Asia
1.1.1  Geographical location
1.1.2  Geomorphic conditions
1.2  Vegetation and Soils in Central Asia
1.2.1  Vegetation
1.2.2  Soils
1.3  Modelling Ecosystem Complexity in the Context of Global Change
1.3.1  Ecosystem complexity
1.3.2  Ecosystem models and their application in ecology research
References
Chapter 2  The Arid Ecosystem Model (AEM)
2.1  Challenges in Modeling Dryland Ecosystem Processes
2.2  Description of the Arid Ecosystem Model (AEM)
2.2.1  Estimating biophysical parameters and climate variables from model inputs
2.2.2  Population dynamics and canopy coverage
2.2.3  Energy and water partitions
2.2.4  Modeling the vertical root distribution
2.2.5  Carbon cycle
2.3  Parameterization and Model Evaluation
2.3.1  Model validation
2.3.2  Sensitivity analysis
2.3.3  The numerical experiments
2.4  Discussion
2.4.1  A comparison with the other models
2.4.2  Modeling the complex responses of dryland ecosystems to climate change
2.4.3  Uncertainties and future developments in AEM
References
Chapter 3  Developing an Arid Land Management Model Based on the Biome-BGC Model
3.1  The Biome-BGC Model
3.2  Biome-BGC Model Used in Agricultural Oasis Croplands
3.2.1  Model modifications
3.2.2  Model parameterization and validation
3.2.3  Comparison between simulated and measured variables
3.2.4  A case study in Sangonghe Catchment
3.2.5  Temporal and spatial patterns of NPP and ET from the 1970s through the 2000s
References
Part  II  CLIMATE AND LAND USE CHANGES IN CENTRAL ASIA
Chapter 4  Climate Change in Central Asia
4.1  Background
4.2  Temperature Changes in Central Asia
4.2.1  Evaluating the reanalysis datasets with climate records
4.2.2  Temporal variation in surface temperature based on multiple datasets
4.2.3  Spatial variation in temperature changes
4.2.4  Comparison of our findings with prior studies
4.2.5  A shift in seasonal temperature change pattern in recent decades and its impacts
4.2.6  Elevation dependence of the near surface air temperature change in Central Asia
4.2.7  Effects of land-use changes
4.2.8  Final comments
4.3  Changes in Precipitation
4.3.1  The applicability of CFSR , ERA-Interim and MERRA l in the five Central Asian states
4.3.2  Precipitation change in Central Asia
References
Chapter 5  Land Use/Land Cover Changes and Variances of Ecosystem Services in Central Asia
5.1  Introduction
5.2  Principal Characteristics of Central Asia
5.3  Land Use/Land Cover Change
5.3.1  Datasets
5.3.2  Remote sensing based land use and land cover changes
5.3.3  Conclusions
References
Part III  ECOSYSTEM DYNAMICS IN RESPONSE TO ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES IN CENTRAL ASIA
Chapter 6  Energy-Water-CO2 Exchanges in the Dryland Ecosystems of Central Asia
6.1  Climatical and Meteorological Conditions
6.2  Effects of Friction Velocity on Nighttime NEE
6.3  Diurnal Variations of NEE
6.4  Dependency of Daytime NEE on PAR
6.5  Daily NEE Dynamics during Growing Season
References
Chapter 7  Carbon Cycle in Central Asia
7.1  Status Quo of C Storage in Central Asia
7.2  Spatio-Temporal Patterns of C Dynamics
References
Chapter 8  Evapotranspiration (ET) and Net Primary Productivity (NPP) in Central Asia
8.1  Spatial Changes of Net Primary Productivity (NPP)
8.2  Spatial Changes of Actual Evapotranspiration (AET)
8.3  Crop Production
References





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