Palaeontologia Sinica (New Series C,Whole Number 193,Number 29) Paracerathere Fossils of China


Price: $61.00


Author: Qiu Zhanxiang and Wang Banyue
Language: Chinese and English bilingual
ISBN/ISSN: 9787030191274
Published on: 2007-01

The paraceratheres are a group of thinoceroses autochtonous and endemic almost exclusively to Asia, with only sparse findings in Europe. Their giant size and some features so distinctive from the living thinoceroses have attracted much attention not only of specialists, but also of laymen. They constitute one of the most heatedly debated fossil groups in mammalian taxonomy. Opinions differ not only at generic and specific levels, but also at family level. Ultimately such a discrepancy has its root in the inadequacy of their fossils. In laymen’s eyes, paracerathere fossils seem rather abundant. Here we may feel the effect of the “size.” People may be more impressed by a few huge bones of paraceratheres rather than by a small box full of micromammal fossils. In fact, there are only five incomplete skulls in association with their mandibles in all known paracerathere materials. The only two paracerathere skeletons often referred to in scientific papers are in fact composite. Given the above limitations, China has indisputable superiority in this respect. In China, in addition to large quantity of isolated jaws, teeth and postcranial bones, there complete skulls with mandibles have been found (Juxia sharamurenensis, Paraceratherium lepidum, and Dzungariotherium orgosense), of which the first is an almost complete skeleton, and the second possesses an almost complete vertebral column. Most of these materials have been briefly reported.

I. Introduction
1. Concept, Discovery and Investigation of Paracerathere
2. Material and Methodology
II. Systematic Description of Chinese Paraceratheres
III. Geographic and Stratigraphic Distribution of Paraceratheres
1. Progressed in Stratigraphic Work of the Classical Areas Yieldinig Rich Paracerathere Fossils
2. Localities Yielding Sparse Paracerathere Fossils in China
IV. Remarks on Systematic Position and Evolution of Paraceratheres
1. Origin of Paraceratheres and Their Position in Rhinocerotoidea
2. Evolutionary History of Paraceratheriinae
V. Some Biologic Aspects of Juxia Sharamurenensis and Paraceratherium Lepidum
1. Reconstruction of Muscles and Ligaments, and Functional Analysis of J. sharamurenensis
2. Restoration of Head and Neck of P. lepidum
3. Estimation of Body Mass and Ontogenetic Ages
VI. Environmental Changes of Asian Continent When Paraceratheres Existed
1. Asian Continent During Late Eocene – Oligocene
2. Climate of Asian Continent During Late Eocene – Oligocene
3. Evolution of Paraceratheres and Environmental Changes

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