Price: $91.00


Author: Jiang Dexin
Language: English
ISBN/ISSN: 9787030455574
Published on: 2015-12

This book addresses the principles and methods for determining petroleum source rocks based on fossil spores and pollen. It is known that pollen and spores in a petroleum reservoir are from a specific  source rock. Studying petroliferous basins in China, we discovered that there are often as many as three different sources of the microfossils: the source rocks, the rocks along the pathway, and the reservoir rocks. Therefore, fossil spores, pollen and algae from inland and coastal shelf petroliferous basins are analyzed and illustrated to show this complex process. Furthermore, the organic origin theory of oil is proven and environmental characteristics for hydrocarbon source-rock formation are discussed. Along with the geochronical and geographic distribution of non-marine petroleum source rocks in China, the mechanisms of petroleum migration following the pathways to the reservoirs are investigated. It will be a valuable reference work as well as a textbook for a wider research areas ranging from stratigraphy, palynology, palaeontology and petroleum geology.

1 Introduction
1.1 Early History
1.2 On Petrolipalynology
1.2.1 Objectives and Purposes
1.2.2 Principles and Methods
1.2.3 Review and Outlook
2 Geological Background
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Geological Conditions for Oil—Gas Field Formation
2.2.1 Complex of Source Rock, Reservoir Rock, and Seal Rock
2.2.2 Generation, Migration, and Accumulation of Petroleum
2.2.3 Petroleum Deposit and Its Classification
2.3 Inland Petroliferous Basins
2.3.1 The Tarim Basin
2.3.2 The Junggar Basin
2.3.3 The Turpan—Ham/ Basin
2.3.4 The Qaidam Basin
2.3.5 The West Jiuquan Basin
2.4 Coastal Shelf Petroliferous Basins
2.4.1 The Liaohe Basin
2.4.2 The Beibu Gulf Basin
2.4.3 The Zhujiang Mouth Basin
3 Fossil Spores and Pollen in Crude Oils
3.1 Materials and Methods
3.1.1 Materials
3.1.2 Methods
3.2 Tarim Basin
3.2.1 North Tarim Upheaval
3.2.2 Kuqa Depression
3.2.3 Southwest Tarim Depression
3.3 Junggar Basin
3.3.1 East Junggar Depression
3.3.2 South Junggar Depression
3.4 Turpan Basin
3.4.1 Qiktim Oil Field
3.4.2 Shengjinkou Oil Field
3.5 Qaidam Basin
3.5.1 North Border Block—fault Zone
3.5.2 Mangnai Depression
3.6 West Jiuquan Basin
3.6.1 Laojunmiao Anticlinal Zone
3.6.2 Baiyanghe Monoclinal Zone
3.7 Liaohe Basin of Bohai Gulf
3.8 Shelf Basins of South China Sea
3.8.1 Beibu Gulf Basin
3.8.2 Zhujiang Mouth Basiri
4 Petroleum Sporo—pollen Assemblages and Petroleum Source Rocks
4.1 Definition and Classification of Petroleum Sporo—pollen Assemblages
4.1.1 Definition
4.1.2 Classification and Character
4.2 Tarim Basin
4.2.1 North Tarim Upheaval
4.2.2 Kuqa Depression
4.2.3 Southwest Tarim Depression
4.3 Junggar Basin
4.3.1 East Junggar Depression
4.3.2 South Junggar Depression
4.4 Turpan Basin
4.4.1 Qiktim Petroliferous Region
4.4.2 Shengjinkou Petroliferous Region
4.5 Qaidam Basin
4.5.1 North Border Block—fault Zone
4.5.2 Mangnai Depression
4.6 West Jiuquan Basin
4.6.1 Laojunmiao Anticlinal Zone
4.6.2 Baiyanghe Monoclinal Zone
4.7 Liaohe Basin
4.8 Beibu Gulf Basin
4.9 Zhujiang Mouth Basin
5 Spore/Pollen Fossil Coloration and Petroleum Source Rock Quality
5.1 Spores/Pollen Fossil Coloration and Maturity of Organic Material
5.2 Organic Material Type and Maturity with Hydrocarbon Generation Potential
6 Palynological Evidence for Organic Petroleum Origin Theory
6.1 Sporopollenin and Petroleum Origin
6.2 Fossil Spores and Pollen in Crude Oils from Sedimentary Rock Petroleum Reservoirs
6.3 Fossil Spores and Pollen in Crude Oils from Igneous Rock Petroleum Pools
7 Environment for the Formation of Petroleum Source Rocks
7.1 Botanical Relationship of Dispersed Spores and Pollen
7.2 Paleoecology and Paleoclimate
7.3 Paleoecology and Paleogeography
7.4 Sedimentary Environment and Petroleum Source
8 Mechanisms of Petroleum Migration
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Primary Migration
8.2.1 Passageways for Primary Migration
8.2.2 Phase States of Primary Migration
8.3 Secondary Migration
8.3.1 Passageways for Secondary Migration
8.3.2 Phase States and Flow Types of Secondary Migration
8.3.3 Directions, Routes, and Distances of Secondary Migration
8.4 Period of Petroleum Deposit Formation
9 Geochronic and Geographic Distribution of Nonmarine Petroleum Source Rocks
9.1 Inland Petroliferous Basins
9.2 Coastal Shelf Petroliferous Basins
Concluding Remarks
Explanation of Plates and Plates

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